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Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP)
There are several studies that have demonstrated that it is possible to transmit the hepatitis B virus from the mother to fetus during pregnancy, and from the mother to newborn during delivery. Most gynecologists/obstetricians will test pregnant women early on in their pregnancy and devise a management plan based on the results. Most cases of postpartum neonatal hepatitis B (HBV) infections can be prevented by early screening and treatment with passive and active vaccination (specific antibodies that protect against hepatitis B are given as immunoglobulins, and the hepatitis B vaccine (within 24 hours of birth) is given so as to stimulate personal antibodies against hepatitis B).