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Sexual health and LGBT population
Living with HIV
Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP)
20 to 30% of newborns born to infected untreated mother will be infected with the HIV virus. It is therefore extremely important to undertake a screening test early in pregnancy so as to detect HIV early and thereby take measures to prevent infection of the fetus/newborn. Ideally, medications should be started in the second trimester and continued until at least one month post-partum (after the delivery) – or longer, as indicated. With an early treatment intervention and adequate prenatal/postnatal follow-up, it is possible to avoid maternal to fetal transmission in almost 100% of cases. Again, HIV status needs to be known, and access to medications is key (not the case in much of the developing world).